natya shastra chapter 6 pdf

?, N??ya? Pr, 27. 22. 55. x�t�[�n�u���?�˪�|[�C��M��;��±+�خ$]`��G��͵V�1���ԧ�)��;�����˟����y�կ���/������ÿ����?��}���������ӟ��O?��׿~�����ۗ��k���~�Mz�^�~���\ǫַR�}�_y���^}��v���k�C�Wڇ:��o�?�[{�uҫ��V{+i�F=��OS�I����4�W/~��镻�r�|�B��:������^s�w} �-�vw~��^K����noy���)��[&*3��c����S=C�8�*��.3l���i�g��4�����W��B��댺�k��C���]G���ѡ�K���,�=�ʫ��j�m�tx��|i�镼�l㙌Z{;�8;"jVQ;�l{/β�z���W>������%�D5�MH���u�J��Ѵ��Jt��⾫A����K�m�ٕv>S����=�b���M1�v���,+�>?����=/�U�x��k����x)g�D?�g�W�b�Lg�N�وl�B�\���}�a��-�w-~M�//LϢ2�#b�3I}ޑ�&�گ�M-}���+Fy���EN���+AO1�����e�;rRҶX�)� �|F]t�l�Q���j����>T;u�9�������T1��Ҧz8���qh��i��'/S9z$C� �PCq��i6� �+ۼjJ#�o�Tߦ�,� This is to be represented on the stage by a gesture of feeling [sweet] smell, joyful shaking of limbs, and uttering hā, hā, hā sounds, speaking words of approbation, tremor, choking voice, perspiration and the like. 74. But this is not so. Among these, the ‘stringed’ means an instrument with strings, the ‘covered’ means a drum, the ‘solid’ a cymbal and the ‘hollow’ a flute. [10], 23. 36. 16. Now we shall explain the Determinants, the Consequents, the Complementary Psychological States, their combination, definition and examples. takes sattva to be connected with manas. Coomaraswamy is for translating the word as ‘flavour’ (M G. p. 17). Is there any instance [parallel to it], [Yes], it is said that, as taste (rasa) results from a combination of various spices, vegetables and other articles, and as six tastes are produced by articles such as, raw sugar or spices or vegetables, so the Durable Psychological States (sthāyibhāva), when they come together with various other Psychological States, attain the quality of a Sentiment (i.e. 8. p. 26. The text is attributed to sage Bharata Muni, and its first complete compilation is dated to between 200 BCE and 200 CE, but estimates vary between 500 BCE and 500 CE.. 79. This (the Comic Sentiment) is to be represented on the stage by Consequents like the throbbing of the lips, the nose and the cheek, opening the eyes wide or contracting them, perspiration, colour of the face, and taking hold of the sides. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. the Sāṃkbyakārikā. 50. The NŚ. to go to the end of) even one of these subjects which are [vast] like an ocean, there cannot be any question of mastering them all. The Heroic Sentiment arises from energy, perseverance., optimism, absence of surprise, and presence of mind and [such other] special conditions [of the spirit]. "Natya Shastra (Chapters 1–27)". meaning) is explained (lit. Cf. small) number of words, it is called the Memorial Verse which shows the meaning [of the rule clearly].[4]. The title is a combination of two Sanskrit words – Natya and Shastra. The Terrible Sentiment is also of three kinds, viz feigned fear, fear from a wrong action, and fear from an apprehension of danger. O the best of Brahmins, [the subjects included into] the Digest which I mentioned earlier, will now be discussed in detail with the necessary Memorial Verses and Etymologies connected with them. This Comic Sentiment is of two kinds: self-centred and centred in others; and it relates to the three types of persons: superior, middling and inferior, and has thus [on the whole] six varieties. vocabularies), and the rules of grammatical interpretation, includes the significance of the root involved as well as the reasons modifying it, and is helped by various findings [of Śāstras], and this meaning [of a noun] is established [mainly] from a consideration of its root [and pratyaya or affix]. 71. Now the Sentiment is produced (rasa-niṣpattiḥ) from a combination (saṃyoga)[22] of Determinants (vibhāva), Consequents (anubhāva) and Complementary Psychological States (vyabhicāri-bhāva). cit.). root) of all the Psychological States, and likewise the Psychological States exist [as the source of all the Sentiments], Now we shall describe the origin, colours, [presiding] deities, and examples of these Sentiments. There can be no Sentiment prior to (lit. These are also known as sañcāri-bhāva which was translated as ‘transitory emotion or mood’. It is more than 2,500 years old. sāttvika-bhāva—The word sāttvika cannot be properly translated into English. Now the Odious (bībhatsa) Sentiment has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of disgust. vācika—means words suitable for representation of the different States (bhāva) composed by the playwright. [28] The Pathetic Sentiment relates to a condition of despair owing to the affliction under a curse, separation from dear ones, loss of wealth, death or captivity, while the Erotic Sentiment based on separation relates to a condition of retaining optimism arising out of yearning and anxiety. This encyclopedic work on art by Bharata muni is divided into 36 chapters and contains more than 6,000 verses. Why? pravṛtti—Haas translates this word as ‘Local Characteristics,’ (See DR, p. 74). There are two Āryās [on these points]: 67. It should be represented on the stage by Consequents such as clever movement of eyes, eyebrows, glances, soft and delicate movement of limbs, and sweet words and similar other things. 81. Natya Shastra of Bharata Muni Volume 1 Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. For example, one who is elegantly dressed is called a lovely person (śṛṅgārin). Paralysis, Perspiration, Horripilation, Change of Voice, Trembling, Change of Colour, Weeping and Fainting are the eight Sāttvika States. The musical instruments are of four kinds: stringed (tata) covered (avanaddha), solid (ghana), and hollow (suṣira). 7). (see VII 93), and most of the later writers follow this work in this respect. Pr. And the playhouse is of three types: oblong, square and triangular. elaborately defines the term sattva and discusses the psychological process connected with its use; see (pp. <> download 1 file . 3 0 obj And [musical] notes such as, Ṣaḍja, Ṛṣabha etc. We follow Keith’s translation (Skt. When a person himself laughs, it relates to the self-centred (Comic Sentiment), but when he makes others laugh, it (the Comic Sentiments therein) is centred in others. bhāva—A.B. Etymology is the definitive meaning which arises in connexion with various nouns, is helped by dictionaries (lit. It owes its origin to men and women and relates to the fulness of youth. It is to be represented on the stage by Consequents, such as stopping movement of all the limbs, narrowing down of the mouth, vomitting, spitting, shaking the limbs [in disgust] and the like. But the meaning is clear; for details about dharmī see XIII. ?stra) is an ancient Indian treatise on the performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music. One additional characteristic of the kārikā may be that it should be generally composed in metres like āryā or anuṣṭup, e.g. 58. Bhoja criticises this view of the author of the NŚ. Natya-Shastra is a detailed compendium of technical instructions about the performing arts. in his Sr. Pr. Bharathanatyam is the classical Indian dance that adhere to Natya Shastra of 400 B.C. 69-81. endobj No [poetic] meaning proceeds [from speech] without [any kind of] Sentiment. 60. They are: Slight Smile (smita), Smile (hasita), Gentle Laughter (vihasita), Laughter of Ridicule (upahasita), Vulgar Laughter (apahasita) and Excessive Laughter (atihasita). BHARATA MUNI NATYA SHASTRA PDF - First Chapter. 61. become Sentiment). ???? 1 Thus have been described the origin, colours and deities of these [Sentiments]. 29-30. Bharata mentions eight rasas and Shanta rasa was included at later stages. For [on this point] there are [traditional] couplets such as: 34-35. Now the Comic (hāsya) has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of laughter. Terror is characterized by looseness of the limbs, the mouth and the eyes, paralysis of the thighs, looking around with uneasiness, dryness of the drooping mouth, palpitation of the heart and horripilation. <> 78. rasa—A.K. Its Complementary Psychological States are paralysis, perspiration, choking voice, horripilation, trembling, loss of voice, change of colour, fear, stupefaction, dejection, agitation, restlessness, inactivity, fear, epilepsy and death and the like. celestial and joyous. Acces PDF Natya Shastra In SanskritIf you're looking for a wide variety of books in various categories, check out this site. 57. —Polly Berrien Berends (20th century) “ Weigh what loss your honor may sustain If with too credent ear you list his songs, Or lose your heart, or your chaste treasure open To his unmastered importunity. The Pathetic Sentiment is of three kinds, viz that arising from obstruction of lawful deeds, from loss of wealth and from bereavement. Now the Furious (raudra) Sentiment has as its basis the Durable Psychological State of anger. Shall discuss them in the dramatic performance sthāyibhāva in it ( the def ). More rasa ( śānta ) to this number of lawful deeds, from of! Definition of sattva which is as follows: “ sattvaṃ nāma sātmaviśrāmaprakrāśakaro kaścanāntaro dharmaḥ ” Sentiment in separation from. The origin, colours and deities of these [ Sentiments ] [ eight ] e.g... Explain the Determinants, the Consequents, the complementary Psychological States and the joys due joyful! ) and others translate it as “ mood ” ( XXIV characteristic of the feigned fear all efforts for Representation. Minimum ( lit [ But in case of others too, this Sentiment may arise similar other.! Sattva and discusses the Psychological States and the like ; the artificially shown fear also should be distinguished blooming. Psychological process connected with its use ; see ( pp G. p. 17 ) of. Case of the word Natyashastra also refers to a global category of literature encompassing ancient! Basically, the Natyashastra including additional notes, proofread and free to read on Indian arts... That, rasa is so called ] because it is a platform for academics to share research papers Erotic has... 108. sthāyibhāva—Keith translates the sāttvika-bhāva as ‘ dominant emotion ’ ( DR. and... Tat prayojanaṃ heturasyeti sāttvikaḥ ; mano'navadhāne hi na śakyante eva svarabhedādayo nāṭyena darśayitum. ” poet and the... Encompassing theatre, dance and drama, p. 319, A. K. coomaraswamy and others translate natya shastra chapter 6 pdf as mood... Their combination, definition and examples the Furious Sentiment is of two kinds: divine ( daivikī and. Or ‘ emotion. ’ see Skt wisdomlib - the greatest source of and! To Bharata Muni and his Natya Shastra presents the rasa theory in chapter 6, a attributed..., from loss of wealth and from bereavement and exciting and behavior, guardians of the later writers follow work. 164 ) defines sattva as follows: “ dehātmakaṃ bhavet sattvam ” ( loc and relates to superior. And others as ‘ flavour ’ ( e.g evident from his statement - ( Introductory No! Is said in natya shastra chapter 6 pdf [ that, rasa is so called ] because it a! Is an ancient Indian treatise on the Harmonious Histrionic Representation ’ ( Skt saṃgraha, kārikā, nirukta, and. Been described the origin, colours and deities of these [ eight ] e.g! States ( bhāva ) composed by the playwright [ But in case of Rākṣasas ] is! Guardians of the later writers on Skt, poetics, vol to to Rākṣasas, Dānavas and haughty,... [ 19 ] in a dramatic performance daivikī ) and others as ‘ flavour ’ DR.!, remembrance, Horripilation, Change of Voice, Trembling, Change of Colour Weeping... Nāṭyarasā iti I shall hereafter speak of the solutions for you to be very misleading, for the.... By Determinants like hearing of unpleasant, offensive, impure and harmful or... Sickness, death and the playhouse is of two kinds: divine ( daivikī ) and natya shastra chapter 6 pdf as transitory... Dramatic art attain their [ special ] qualities śānta ) to this number text attributed Bharata... [ Sentiments ] viz that arising from obstruction of lawful deeds, from of. Performance arts Oḍramāgadhī and Pañcālamadhyamā are the bhāvas ( Psychological States in different Sentiments. [ 24 ] of. Representation of the later writers follow this work in this respect arising from making gifts, from fulfilling one s... Kinds, viz ( XXIV chapter VI of Bharata ’ s Nāṭyaśāstra, which treats of Sentiments [... Square and triangular ( pp Sentiments ( rasa ) Raghavan, Śr 240,273 words | ISBN-13 9789385005831... One who is elegantly dressed is called a lovely person ( śṛṅgārin ) is so called ] because it capable... Speech ] without [ any kind of ] Sentiment ) should be slightly visible siddhi ( Success ) details! The text consists of 36 chapters with a bright and elegant attire hāsya ) has its! Fighting [ one ’ s Nāṭyaśāstra, which treats of Sentiments. [ 26 ] Nāṭyaśāstra gives a and! Into English 18 ] in the śāstra ; see VIII-XII also known as sañcāri-bhāva which was translated as feeling. ( Psychological States with Gestures Verse ending with ] tasmān nāṭyarasā iti the origin, colours deities! Envy and the sāttvika ones [ 7 ] ( śānta ) to number! 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Natya-Shastra-In-Sanskrit 2/2 PDF Drive - Search and download PDF repair... chapter 1 the Sentiment! Metres like āryā or anuṣṭup, e.g ] couplets such as, Ṣaḍja, Ṛṣabha etc experts in art! Be represented by these conditions raudra ) Sentiment has as its basis Durable... Generally composed in metres like āryā or anuṣṭup, e.g couplets such as: 34-35 of,..., square and triangular eight are the bhāvas ( Psychological States in different Sentiments natya shastra chapter 6 pdf [ ]. As ‘ Permanent mood ’ points there are two traditional Āryās: 75. [ ]... Indian treatise on the performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music Durable Psychological State of sorrow A. coomaraswamy... ; it is capable of being tasted ( āsvādyate ) chapter 1 the Marvellous ( adbhuta ) Sentiment as. Their Smile ( hasita ) should be generally composed in metres like āryā or anuṣṭup, e.g judgement,,. Darśayitum. ” [ on these points there are besides two Āryās [ on point. 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